One after­noon I had to be several places at once and even the thought of it was exhausting. It occurred to me that the solution might be to climb into a tree instead, to just pack a book and a sandwich and find some low branch to perch on for a few hours, or maybe even a whole week, until all my responsibilities had passed. In Brazilian Portuguese, there is a handy phrase for taking off this way without explanation. It’s called going “embora.”

We don’t have a phrase in English as vague and accepted as “emb­ora” is in Brazil, which seemed as good a reason as any to devote the next five years of my life to writing a novel involving several languages and kinds of vanishing.

Idra NoveyThe resulting book, Ways to Disappear (Little, Brown & Co, Feb. 9, 2016) begins with a celebrated Brazilian writer who goes com­pletely, arbo­re­ally “embora,” after which her American translator does some vanishing of her own. While writing it, I revisited some of the great disappearances in literature and began to wonder why writing and reading about a disappearance is so alluring. Perhaps the reason is that, as mortals, we are all destined to vanish from our lives eventually. In many of the subversive novels listed below, however, vanishing is also a way to write about how the structures of society can render a woman’s life invisible to the people sitting right next to her, and how it is often only in her absence that she becomes visible.

Here are ten landmark books that revolve around a vanishing:

1. The Odyssey, Homer


This 3,000-year-old epic hinges on the absence of an iPhone. Unable to text her husband and ask where the hell are you, Penelope sits weaving and unweaving for centuries until the Coen Brothers make her a movie and an excellent soundtrack in O Brother, Where Art Thou?

2. Don Quixote, Cervantes


Readers learn that Sancho Panza’s donkey, Dapple, is a high-strung, jittery creature. And we all know what happens to high-strung jittery creatures. They do odd things like disappear and before long Dapple does.

3. The Wheel Spins, Ethel Lina White

Lady Vanishes

Although this is a roundup of famous works of literature, I had to include one subversive exception from British crime writer Ethel Lina White. Alfred Hitchcock adapted this 1936 novel into the classic film The Lady Vanishes. While traveling, a young socialite on a trip befriends a strange woman who abruptly vanishes and no one else on the journey remembers seeing her. The young socialite is losing her mind, or everyone around her is, along with all of humanity before and since.

4. The House Without Windows, Barbara Newhall Follett

Barbara Newhall Follett

This book doesn’t quite fit the parameters of this list either, but I’ve never been very good at sticking to set parameters. This novel isn’t about a vanishing but the child prodigy who wrote it disappeared and was never seen again. Barbara Newhall Follett published The House Without Windows with Knopf in 1927 at the tender age of 12 and was declared to be the next great American novelist. Then the Depression hit, she became a secretary, got fed up with her philandering husband, and wrote in a letter “my dreams are going through their death flurries…the whole radiant flock of them.” Soon after, this radiant young writer disappeared.

5. Beloved, Toni Morrison

Beloved Toni Morrison

Getting back to the canonical masterpieces now: the title character disappears in this life-altering Toni Morrison novel, although Beloved is a ghost to begin with, or maybe only assumed to be a ghost. Morrison masterfully leaves unresolved whether Beloved is just a lonely stranger and not the spectral incarnation of anyone. The uncertainty Morrison creates around Beloved’s vanishing is equally profound and masterful.

6. Lolita


The eloquent pedophile who narrates this enduring Nabokov novel is trying to track down the vanished teenage stepdaughter he’s been violating for years. Longing to violate her some more, Humbert Humbert looks for clues to her whereabouts and fills the rest of his time writing creepy things like “my little cup brims with tiddles.”

7. The Last of Hanako, Ch’oi Yun

Last of Hanako last of hanako 2

In this Korean novella, a woman named Hanako disappears. Various men go looking for her but the author Ch’oi Yun never reveals their names—only their initials. With all the novels in the world with unnamed missing women, Ch’oi Yun’s inversion of who gets a name in this story and who doesn’t is revolutionary.

8. “The Man on the Threshold,” Jorge Luis Borges


Nothing good comes of meddling colonizers, especially in Jorge Luis Borges stories. Glencairn is a Scottish judge sent to quell unrest in a Muslim area in India. He cuts some unethical deals, turns tyrannical…and you guessed it: no more news of Glencairn.

9. The Final Mist, Maria Luise Bombal

Maria Luise Bombal

On the opposite side of the Andes Mountains from Borges, Chilean writer Maria Luisa Bombal’s heroine starts questioning the terms of her marriage. Soon after, she has sex with a stranger in a foggy garden. As is the nature of sexy strangers in foggy gardens, this fellow vanishes even more mysteriously than Sancho Panza’s donkey.

10. The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle, Haruki Murakami

Wind Up Bird Chronicle  Wind Up Bird Chronicle

At the start of this Haruki Murakami novel, it’s a cat that goes missing. A man’s wife sends him out to find their vanished pet and in his searching, Toru Okaya unlearns everything he’s ever known. Disappearances cause the most curious changes among those left to wait and search and wait some more.

Readers, please keep an eye on your lovers and friends and definitely on your pets.

About The Author

Idra Novey

Idra Novey is the author of the debut novel Ways to Disappear. Born in western Pennsylvania, she has since lived in Chile, Brazil and New York. Her poetry collections include Exit, Civilian, selected by Patri­cia Smith for the 2011 National Poetry Series, The Next Coun­try, a final­ist for the 2008 Fore­word Book of the Year Award, and Clarice: The Visitor, a collaboration with the artist Erica Baum. Her fiction and poetry have been translated into eight languages and she’s written for The New York Times, NPR’s All Things Con­sid­ered, Slate, and The Paris Review. She is the recipient of awards from the National Endow­ment for the Arts, Poets & Writ­ers Mag­a­zine, the PEN Trans­la­tion Fund, the Poetry Foundation, and the Poetry Society of America. She’s also translated the work of several prominent Brazilian writers, most recently Clarice Lispector’s novel The Pas­sion Accord­ing to G.H. She teaches in the Creative Writing Pro­gram at Prince­ton Uni­ver­sity and has also taught at Columbia, NYU, Fordham, the Catholic University of Chile, and in the Bard Prison Initiative.

11 Responses

  1. Roger

    Kathleen Rooney’s Robinson Alone commemmorates Weldon Kees, one of the hreat literary disappearers, and his absent creation Robinson in Kees’s own words.

  2. Stefan Cooke

    Thank you to Joyce, who told me about Barbara Follett’s mention here. A few years ago I put together a website——to remember my half-aunt and her remarkable life and body of work, and last August I published a big book that tells her life through her incredible letters (Barbara Newhall Follett: A Life in Letters). She was a superb correspondent. Also, to mark her 100th birthday two years ago, I wrote an essay:

  3. SherrieMiranda

    Thank you for these great suggestions to add to my reading list. I plan to have a woman disappear in my 2nd novel, the prequel to my debut novel “Secrets & Lies in El Salvador.”
    I look forward to reading them all!
    Sherrie Miranda’s historically based, coming of age, Adventure novel “Secrets & Lies in El Salvador” is about an American girl in war-torn El Salvador:
    Her husband made a video for her novel. He wrote the song too:

    • karen

      what an interesting way to entice a reader into the story. can’t wait for the book! Thanks

  4. Nick Sweeney

    One of my favourite stories of vanished people is Tim Krabbe’s 1984 novel The Golden Egg. It is really creepy. It was translated into English as The Vanishing. Michel Faber’s 2000 work Under the Skin also features a number of vanishings. The theme intrigues me, and I’ll look up your recommendations, for sure.

  5. César Rodríguez

    Does Sancho’s donkey have a name in the English translation of Don Quixote? Really?
    Well, that’s odd.

  6. Jennifer D.

    The Wasp Factory, by Iain Banks – a difficult read by the standards of most (such a dark tale), features a fairly out there disappearance.


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